What vegetables grow in Kochi
Considering the farming scenario of Kerala, it can be clearly understood that the state is fostering an organic farming revolution since some years, and with the urban population’s concern regarding vegetables and it’s quality increasing day after day, more and more farmers and communities are seen as venturing into organic farming and gardening.
Apart from being easy to grow, most of these vegetable varieties are also space-friendly, making them ideal to be grown in the terrace garden of apartments or rooftops and balconies. Let’s have a look at some of the ideal vegetables that can be grown at home or commercially in Kochi.
Generally known as ladies’ finger, Okra or okro is a flowering plant which although biologically classified as a fruit, is commonly utilized like a vegetable in cooking. It has it’s planting seasons as October-November and February-March. Requiring heavy soil with good drainage, its pH is between 6.0-6.08. With an optimum temperature range between 34-27 degrees C, the crop will be ready for harvest in 45 days after sowing.
Containing low calories and high dietary fiber content, Okra is helpful in managing blood sugar in cases of type 1, type 2 diabetes. The very high content of vitamin A improves eyesight and its antioxidant components help in lowering cholesterol and improving heart health. The high vitamin C boosts immunity and can also benefit pregnant women and have anti-cancer properties.
Domesticated from South and Central America, tomato grows well in the temperature between 21 to 24 degrees C in sandy to clay type, well-draining soil with a pH range 6.0-7.0. Considered as the best plant to practice crop rotation, the first crop will be ready to be picked in about 2 months after transplanting.
Although biologically classified as a fruit, tomatoes are commonly used as a vegetable ingredient or side dish and contain high levels of potassium, folate, and fiber with zero cholesterol. They help to regulate cholesterol in the human body and lowers high blood pressure and fight heart disease. With its anti-inflammatory properties, tomatoes are also known to help fight different types of cancer.
Cultivated initially in North America, pumpkins are one of the oldest domesticated plants, having been used as early as 7,500 to 5,000 BC. Widely grown for commercial use and as food, Pumpkin is a cool-season crop that requires well-draining loamy soil, a pH of 6.0-6.07, and 24-27 degree C as ideal temperature range for growth. Seeding can be done between September to December and January to March and the crop can be harvested in 3 months from the day of planting.
Loaded with nutrients that improve the immune system, Pumpkins contain high amounts of carotenoids, vitamins C and E, functioning as antioxidants. Pumpkin also prevents free radicals from damaging eye cells and provide protection against certain cancers.
Originally domesticated from the wild nightshade species with two independent domestications in South Asia and East Asia, Brinjal is a warm-season crop growing in loose well-draining soil with a pH range 6.0-6.8. Cultivation can be started in September-October and it will be ready for harvest in 2-4 months from the time of transplanting.
Popular in India as a major ingredient in dishes such as sambar, chutney, and curry, Brinjals are high in fiber, low in calories, and contain several substances that aid in fighting cancer cells. Brinjals are also known to keep blood sugar in check and improve digestion.
Most likely to be initially cultivated somewhere in Europe before 1000 BC, Cabbage is a prominent part of European cuisine. The cool-season crop requires sandy to clay type loamy soil with good drainage and a pH of 6-6.05. Sowing can be done between September to November and it can be harvested in 3-4 months from the day of planting.
A great source of beta-carotene, according to studies, Cabbage can contribute to the prevention of cataracts. Rich in minerals, calcium, magnesium, and potassium, Cabbage promotes strong bones and teeth. Filled with several cancer-fighting and immune-boosting compounds, they are also effective against constipation and ulcers.
Traced back to be domesticated somewhere in Europe at the beginning of 1st century AD, Cauliflower is a cool-season crop that requires an ideal temperature range of 15-21 degree C, a sandy to clay type loamy soil with good drainage and a pH range of 5.5-6.05.
In comparison with Cabbage, Cauliflower is a relatively difficult crop to cultivate as there are general problems like underdeveloped heads and poor quality associated with its growth. Sowing can be done between September to November and it can be harvested in 3-4 months from the day of planting.
Initially cultivated in Mexico, they were spread across the world and used for both food and traditional medicine. A popular ingredient in most cuisines worldwide, Chilli is a warm-season crop that grows well in loamy soil with pH range 5.5-6.8 and requires an optimal temperature of 20-30 degrees C for growth. Planting can be down in September-October and it will be ready for harvest within two months of flowering.
Containing zero calories, Chillies enhance metabolism up to 50% and contain Vitamin C and beta-carotene which promote healthy eyes and immune systems. They are also effective for patients suffering from common cold or sinus.
Thriving as an eco-friendly builder in Kerala, Veegaland Homes appreciates all kinds of green initiatives that are beneficial for a sustainable future and therefore constructs apartments in Kerala which are equipped with balconies that are suitable for any kinds of cultivation.
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